Review bangladesh budget 2013 14 from the

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Review bangladesh budget 2013 14 from the

Starting in the s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language. The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records. The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century.

Review bangladesh budget 2013 14 from the

History of Bangladesh Early and medieval periods Seal of the King Shashankawho created the first separate political entity in Bengalcalled the Gauda Kingdom Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20, years, [27] and remnants of Copper Age settlements date back 4, years.

By the 11th century people lived in systemically-aligned housing, buried their dead, and manufactured copper ornaments and black and red pottery. The early Iron Age saw the development of metal weaponry, coinageagriculture and irrigation.

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These states had well-developed currencies, banking, shipping, architecture and art, and the ancient universities of Bikrampur and Mainamati hosted scholars and students from other parts of Asia. Xuanzang of China was Review bangladesh budget 2013 14 from the noted scholar who resided at the Somapura Mahavihara the largest monastery in ancient Indiaand Atisa traveled from Bengal to Tibet to preach Buddhism.

The earliest form of the Bengali language began to the emerge during the eighth century. The Islamic conquest of Bengal began with the invasion by Bakhtiar Khilji ; after annexing Bengal to the Delhi SultanateKhilji waged a military campaign in Tibet.

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Bengal was ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for a century by governors from the MamlukBalban and Tughluq dynasties. During the 14th century, an independent Bengal Sultanate was established by rebel governors.

The sultanate's ruling houses included the Ilyas ShahiJalaluddin Muhammad ShahHussain ShahiSuri and Karrani dynastiesand the era saw the introduction of a distinct mosque architecture [37] and the tangka currency.

The Arakan region was brought under Bengali hegemony. During the late 16th century, the Baro-Bhuyan a confederation of Muslim and Hindu aristocrats ruled eastern Bengal; its leader was the Mansad-e-Ala, [17] a title held by Isa Khan and his son Musa Khan. The Khan dynasty are considered local heroes for resisting North Indian invasions with their river navies.

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During the reign of Emperor Akbarthe Bengali agrarian calendar was reformed to facilitate tax collection.

The Mughals established Dhaka as a fort city and commercial metropolis, and it was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years. Mughal Bengal attracted foreign traders for its muslin and silk goods, and the Armenians were a notable merchant community.

A Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished in the southeast, and a Dutch settlement in Rajshahi existed in the north.

During the 18th century, the Nawabs of Bengal became the region's de facto rulers. The Nawabs forged alliances with European colonial companies, which made the region relatively prosperous early in the century.

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The Bengali Muslim population was a product of conversion and religious evolution, [39] and their pre-Islamic beliefs included elements of Buddhism and Hinduism.

The construction of mosques, Islamic academies madrasas and Sufi monasteries khanqahs facilitated conversion, and Islamic cosmology played a significant role in developing Bengali Muslim society. Scholars have theorized that Bengalis were attracted to Islam by its egalitarian social order, which contrasted with the Hindu caste system.

Syncretic cults, such as the Baul movement, emerged on the fringes of Bengali Muslim society. The Persianate culture was significant in Bengal, where cities like Sonargaon became the easternmost centers of Persian influence. The company formed the Presidency of Fort Williamwhich administered the region until A notable aspect of company rule was the Permanent Settlementwhich established the feudal zamindari system.

A number of famines, including the great Bengal famine ofoccurred under company rule. Several rebellions broke out during the early 19th century including one led by Titumirbut British rule displaced the Muslim ruling class. A conservative Islamic cleric, Haji Shariatullahsought to overthrow the British by propagating Islamic revivalism.

Several towns in Bangladesh participated in the Indian Mutiny and pledged allegiance to the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafarwho was later exiled to neighboring Burma.

Prime Ministers of Bengal A. Fazlul HuqKhawaja Nazimuddin and H. Suhrawardy The challenge posed to company rule by the failed Indian Mutiny led to the creation of the British Indian Empire as a crown colonyand the first railway was built in During the late 19th century, novelists, social reformers and feminists emerged from Muslim Bengali society.

Electricity and municipal water systems were introduced in the s; cinemas opened in many towns during the early 20th century.

East Bengal's plantation economy was important to the British Empire, particularly its jute and tea. The British established tax-free river portssuch as the Port of Narayanganjand large seaports like the Port of Chittagong.

Social tensions also increased under British rule, particularly between wealthy Hindus and the Muslim-majority population.

The Permanent Settlement made millions of Muslim peasants tenants of Hindu estates, and resentment of the Hindu landed gentry grew.Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20, years, and remnants of Copper Age settlements date back 4, years.

Ancient Bengal was settled by Austroasiatics, Tibeto-Burmans, Dravidians and Indo-Aryans in consecutive waves of migration. Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region. Bangladesh announces budget proposals On 6 June , the Bangladesh government announced its budget for the fiscal year / With a view to promote women’s perspectives and roles in developing local and national policies and strategies and building peaceful and resilient communities to prevent violent extremism in Bangladesh, BNPS started to implement a project ‘Empowered Women Peaceful Communities’ since May with support of UN Women.

bbc world service annual review /14 4 of 52 In a special season in October , we invited women from around the world to share their views on the position of . MAY 13, 1 Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh The undersigned parties are committed to the goal of a safe and sustainable Bangladeshi Ready-.

Budget analysis 14 15 bangladesh 1. ANNUAL BUDGET Group 06 Department of Finance and Banking University of Barisal 2. Nishadul Islam ID NO FIN 3.

• Budget is an estimate of income andBudget is an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of leslutinsduphoenix.comiture for a set period of time.

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