Phenomenology scientific method and research

Overview[ edit ] In its most basic form, phenomenology attempts to create conditions for the objective study of topics usually regarded as subjective: Although phenomenology seeks to be scientific, it does not attempt to study consciousness from the perspective of clinical psychology or neurology. Instead, it seeks through systematic reflection to determine the essential properties and structures of experience.

Phenomenology scientific method and research

Victoria University of Technology Outline of the paper This paper is an account, the interweaving, of the narrative of the writing of my own thesis using a phenomenological approach, with my developing interest in phenomenology as research method.

My study of personal transformation provides the context for these reflections on phenomenology as research method. I have spoken in other forums about the content of the research; in this paper I want to do something different.

The focus for this paper is on the possibilities and dilemmas for higher degree studies encountered as I learnt to use a phenomenological approach. Firstly I will give a brief account of the study and then explore some of the issues that arose for me in the process of the study and which I am pursuing in my subsequent reading on research in general and phenomenology more specifically.

Phenomenology: Scientific Method and Research Words | 14 Pages. Phenomenology as Research Method by Beverley Campbell, Victoria University of Technology Outline of the paper This paper is an account, the interweaving, of the narrative of the writing of my own thesis using a phenomenological approach, with my developing interest in phenomenology as research method. Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and leslutinsduphoenix.com a philosophical movement it was founded in the early years of the 20th century by Edmund Husserl and was later expanded upon by a circle of his followers at the universities of Göttingen and Munich in Germany. Phenomenology as Research Method. by Beverley Campbell, Victoria University of Technology. Outline of the paper This paper is an account, the interweaving, of the narrative of the writing of my own thesis using a phenomenological approach, with my developing interest in phenomenology as research method.

This paper will give some history and background of phenomenology as research method, to show its origins and what it offers researchers as a way of exploring research questions. I will also outline how the research I carried out was informed by principles of cooperative research, as well as to address some of the tensions of working within a phenomenological framework and although cooperative in intention the constraints which prevented it from being a truly cooperative project.

To a degree this paper is a critique of the development and subsequent writing of my own M. Phenomenon of personal transformation What I have called the phenomenon of personal transformation was the focus for my study.

Different experience in and reflections on three different examples of personal transformation within the adult education context were the basis for further exploration of the research question.

Phenomenology (philosophy) - Wikipedia

The three examples were the experience of change within the context of adult literacy education as recounted by one adult literacy student supported by one of his tutors, my own observations of some students experience in a post-graduate course I taught in a university of a profound sense of turmoil and subsequent change, and lastly my own reflections of change precipitated by involvement in a higher degree course.

Finally, through a process of clarification and refinement, the research question became focussed on the experience of personal transformation for one person in the context of adult literacy. As with any research project the question of the appropriate methodology evolved simultaneously as I defined and redefined the research question.

The course I did on research methodology made the broad distinction between quantitative and qualitative research methods. This distinction is no longer adequate to define the many different research approaches which do not categorise easily within this split.

I will address this issue in more detail later in the paper. Choosing a research methodology I needed a method of data collection and an approach which would allow me to research the question.

A re-constructed narrative based on three interviews provided the data for analysis, and at the same time, after reading Giorgi and van ManenI decided to carry out a phenomenological study. My reading of Reasons Human Inquiry in Action added a further dimension to the framework I was developing; the need for the investigation to be guided by principles of cooperative inquiry and for the study to be mutually benefitting to all participants.

The study used a combination of Giorgis interpretation of meaningful transformation units and van Manens immersion in the data. As well I developed an understanding of metaphor Lakoff, G. The naming of these seven metaphors in turn provided a lens through which to interpret the frameworks or metaphors for literacy which were predominant in the thinking of Bill, as the student and Nancy, as the tutor.

Another way I used metaphor was to frame the whole thesis in terms of the dominant metaphor life as narrative. Finally metaphor was used as an analytical tool in the interpretive process to help identify seven metaphors and several other major themes arising from Bills narrative and the interview texts which were analyzed at length.

Phenomenology scientific method and research

It is not the purpose of this paper to outline either the metaphors in the literature or the metaphors for change which were identified. Paradigm shifts Any exploration of phenomenology as research method needs to be set in a wider context of research and what Kuhn calls a paradigm shift. The research paradigm shift is only part of a larger paradigmatic shift which is taking place in the Western World in the late twentieth century.Phenomenological Research Methods Clark Moustakas, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks California, Transcendental phenomenology is a scientific study of the appearance of things, of phenomena just as we see them and as they appear to us in our consciousness.

Phenomenology in Educational Qualitative Research: Philosophy as Science or development and incorporation of phenomenology into a scientific research model.

To facilitate the reading process, the text is broken down into the following sections: As a method of research, Husserl proposed epokh. Phenomenology as Research Method by Beverley Campbell, Victoria University of Technology Outline of the paper This paper is an account, the interweaving, of the narrative of the writing of my own thesis using a phenomenological approach, with my developing interest in phenomenology as research method.

Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and leslutinsduphoenix.com a philosophical movement it was founded in the early years of the 20th century by Edmund Husserl and was later expanded upon by a circle of his followers at the universities of Göttingen and Munich in Germany.

Phenomenological Research Methods for Counseling Psychology Frederick J. Wertz Phenomenology is a qualitative research method originally de-veloped by the philosopher Edmund Husserl. In the tradition of Husserl formulated scientific methods that are uniquely.

Phenomenology in business research focuses on experiences, events and occurrences with disregard or minimum regard for the external and physical reality. Phenomenology, also known as non-positivism, is a variation of interpretivism, along with other variations such .

Phenomenology and Natural Science | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy