The word originated from Makurakotoba of waka poetry modifying " Ise "  and has been used since August to refer to the major typhoons that dispersed Mongolian invasion fleets under Kublai Khan in She was a prototype for the Mitsubishi Ki "Babs".
Introduction[ edit ] As Europe enters a new era, with two world wars still residing in the collective memory, peace and prosperity seems likely to continue. The Soviet Union was dissolved inresulting in a Europe whose countries and borders have returned to their pre-WW2 state. Its nations, however, are faced with aging populations and falling birthrates, making it increasingly challenging to sustain expensive programs of social services.
As His the world after 1945 21st century began, the continent is redefining itself with multiculturalism, a strengthening of Europe's common economic policies and the formation of a European parliament. The Europe of Nations, whose nationalistic sentiments led to two world wars during the last century, is viewing the federalism of the USA as a possible solution to forging a United Europe.
Sweden, Switzerland, Ireland and Spain who had all remained neutral during the war fared slightly better.
Sweden and Switzerland had provided banking and materials for the Nazi war effort and this meant that both countries had come out of the war relatively unscathed. Neutrality has its benefits but for those countries who were at the vanguard of military action the situation was far worse.
Britain's industries had been almost exclusively dedicated to the war effort and coupled with the loss of economic and political influence amongst its former colonies the outlook for a quick recovery seemed unlikely. The countries that had been occupied by Germany had seen their industrial output directed to the German war effort and the influx of money and goods from occupied countries into the German economy meant that the shortages and austerity of war were not felt by the German population until the last year of the war.
All over Europe the expectations was one of a return to normality and economic strength though it soon became obvious that this could only be achieved with American aid. In a speech given at Havard in by George C.
Marshall, the American Secretary of State, proposed that the rebuilding of europe's economies including Germany's should in part be funded by American grants. The Marshall Plan was to apply to all the areas of Europe that had been ravaged by war regardless of whether the recipient had been an Ally or member of the Axis.
Stalin rejected the plan therefore ensuring that East Germany, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia and other countries then under post-war Soviet occupation or influence were excluded.
The bombing of major urban centers and exhaustion of manpower due to war casualties further added to the financial difficulties. The damage to the economy led to rationing being extended into the next decade.
Winston Churchill was considered by the general populace to be a "War Prime Minister" and though having lost the first post-war election did serve a further term as Prime Minister from to In AugustIndia became independent of Britain. From to Britain, now without the full economic benefit of its colonies, embraced the free-market capitalism advanced by the USA though more emphasis was given to social programs and state ownership of major utilities.
In many respects America's involvement in the war had been conditional on Britain dismantling its colonial power base with the USA viewing it as an obstacle to their own ideas of trade and free-market capitalism. This had first been proposed by Roosevelt to Churchill at the August meeting where the future of post-war europe was being discussed.
America had viewed Britain's colonial trade as monopolistic and though it was Pearl Harbour and Japanese aggression that led to the USA entering the war; the agenda for colonial independence remained.
America the Colony who had fought a war against the English for independence was pre-disposed culturally and economically to make this request.
She was the first Western female leader of the modern era, and was faced with depression and "stagflation" - high unemployment and inflation resulting from high oil prices. Thatcher was closely allied with U.
President Ronald Reagan and employed "trickle-down" supply-side economics, cutting taxes on the wealthy in hopes that they would spend the additional money to hire new workers and endorsing privatization and deregulation.
Thatcher cut many other social programs including education, health care, and welfare, and sold off nationalized industries such as BritOil and British Airways.
She also broke the power of the unions in Britain. Thatcher also deployed a taskforce to regain control of the Falkland Islands Malvinas after the invasion of the islands by Argentina in John Major was the Conservative Prime Minister from until The Iraq invasion and Afghanistan conflicts.
Gordon Brown was briefly the Prime Minister.The last picture of Adolf Hitler, Allegedly the last picture of Adolf Hitler before he committed suicide on.
Hitler (right) and his adjutant Julius Schaub looking at the ruins of the Reich chancellery, April 28, and just over a week before the end of World War II in Europe on 8 May.
Shocking footage shows Nazi concentration camps after liberation, including Buchenwald and Ohrdruf, where Gen. Eisenhower ordered local Nazis to tour. When a year-old boy tries out for Mumbai's under cricket team and meets his older brother's rival, everything in his world begins to change.
After World War II, Germany was divided into zones according to agreements reached between the ally powers.
Western zones were placed under American and Western European control, while the eastern zones came under the control of the Soviet Union. Mar 01, · This powerful documentary from explores the condition of Germany when the fighting stopped in and the subsequent four years of occupation and reconstruction.
After belies its theme of entrapment. Gumbrecht has never been limited by narrow disciplinary boundaries, and his latest inquiry is both far-ranging and experimental. Gumbrecht has never been limited by narrow disciplinary boundaries, and his latest inquiry is both far-ranging and experimental.
Oct 29, · Watch video · After the tide of war turned against him, Hitler committed suicide in a Berlin bunker in April EARLY LIFE Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, , in Branau am Inn, a small Austrian town.