Artificial intelligence could be our saviour, according to the CEO of Google This is where we come to the question of how we are going to spend our time.
In other words, right and wrong or good and bad are culture-specific, meaning that what is reflected moral in one society may be reflected immoral in another. Ethical relativism is closely related to cultural relativism in that ethical relativism views truth as capricious and not absolute. What establishes rights and wrongs is determined merely by the individual or by humanity.
Truth is not objective, henceforth there can be no objective standard which applies to all cultures. It is a matter of personal opinion of what is right and wrong or good and bad, so no society can pass judgment on another society.
This leads to the conclusion that the answer to world peace is simply cultural relativism; if no judgments were ever passed on another culture simply because they were only practicing what they, as their own society, believes in then cultures would have fewer reasons to fight.
There would still be issues regarding land, money, and power that complications would arise from, but levels of racism, stereotyping, bullying, and other social problems like discrimination would drop dramatically.
Cultural relativism is a virtuous form of moral thinking because it allows people to think for themselves and to be who they were raised to be as this is only natural.
Preserving the past allows further diversity; diversity is important because it prevents discrimination and promotes inclusiveness. Furthermore, cultural relativism is imperative for the reason that diversity can create new ideas and changes that can be beneficial to society.
Against Cultural Relativism The Problem with Cultural relativism is that it can often be contradictory.
In places like America there are several religions and cultures compiled together into a society under one government and that often poses problems, especially for cultural relativists. For example, according to the Quran, Muslim husbands are morally entitled to beat their wives when they disobey them, but Christian husbands are morally obligated not to beat their wives when they disobey them.
This creates a problem when it comes to the law—should beating your wives be legal or illegal? A cultural relativist would say that this, along with many other issues, should be up to one to decide for themselves and there should be no law, but in order for there to be some sense of direction there must be law.
This draws me to the conclusion that if cultural relativism is a precise characterization of morality, then we cannot pass judgments on other cultures, but we can pass judgments on other cultures; therefore, cultural relativism is not a precise characterization of morality.
Also, some religious groups like Christians see differences in culture as a lovely thing and they believe that diversity in food, clothing, and language should be preserved and valued. However, they believe that because of sin, not all views and actions within a culture are righteous and therefore those practices are indeed wrong.
Conclusion There will never come a day when all cultures view each other as equal, and therefore I believe cultural relativism should not be held as a superior form of moral thinking. Cultural Relativism should indeed be considered and thought about for there is no way to say that one culture is better than the other, but on some grounds there will be a definitive right and wrong between certain cultural practices.
Cultural relativism is not the way of the world because truth is not objective; I believe there is a higher power, which constitutes that it eventually will come down to a right or wrong and good or bad because there is absolute law that tells you such things.
Choose Type of service.(Rachels, 21) In her article, “A Defense of Ethical Relativism”, Ruth Benedict argues a different way. Benedict supports the notion that the morals, ethics, and actions of different cultures of people are simply the result of many years of cultural evolution, through accidental isolation of and contact with other cultures.
There is cultural relativism and ethical subjectivism. According to Landau, “Cultural relativism is correct based on moral standards that are relative to cultures or societies.” Ethical Reasoning for and Against Cultural Relativism Essay. In this discussion about ethical relativism, we will also discuss cultural, moral relativism.
Ethical relativism is used all across the board to make decisions around the world. The good and bad must be weighed in according to the situation.
Ethical Reasoning for and Against Cultural Relativism Essay. Sociological Relativism Cultural Relativism Type of Ethics. Descriptive Ethics Normative Ethics. Task. Description of the ethics of a Arguments Against Cultural Relativism.
Lecture 5 – Cultural . According to www - Ethical Reasoning for and Against Cultural Relativism introduction. gotquestions. org/cultural-relavitsim, cultural relativism is the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are related to the social norms and culture that one comes from.
In other words, right and wrong or good and bad are culture-specific, meaning that what . Nov 20, · Some ethical questions are about mitigating suffering, some about risking negative outcomes.
While we consider these risks, we should also keep in mind that, on the whole, this technological progress means better lives for everyone.