Conversely, it is possible to fall ill despite living a life of unruffled stability.
Xylophagia wood, or derivates of wood such as paper This pattern of eating should last at least one month to fit the diagnosis of pica.
For example, lead poisoning may result from the ingestion of paint or paint-soaked plasterhairballs may cause intestinal obstruction and Toxoplasma or Toxocara infections may follow ingestion of feces or dirt. Sensory, physiological, cultural and psychosocial perspectives have also been used by some to explain the causation of pica.
Ingestion of kaolin white clay among African-American women in the US state of Georgia shows the practice there to be a DSM-IV " culture-bound syndrome " and "not selectively associated with other psychopathology". However, because pica can occur in people who have lower than normal nutrient levels and poor nutrition malnutritionthe health care provider should test blood levels of iron and zinc.
Hemoglobin can also be checked to test for anemia. Lead levels should always be checked in children who may have eaten paint or objects covered in lead-paint dust.
The health care provider should test for infection if the person has been eating contaminated soil or animal waste. In such instances, pica should not be noted as an additional diagnosis.
An initial approach often involves screening for and, if necessary, treating any mineral deficiencies or other comorbid conditions.
First, there is pica as a result of social attention. If their pica is a result of obtaining a favorite item, a strategy may be used where the person is able to receive the item or activity without eating inedible items.
If pica is a way for a person to escape an activity or situation, the reason why the person wants to escape the activity should be examined and the person should be moved to a new situation. If pica is motivated by sensory feedback, an alternative method of feeling that sensation should be provided.
Other non-medication techniques might include other ways for oral stimulation such as gum. Foods such as popcorn have also been found helpful.
Many use aversion therapy, where the patient learns through positive reinforcement which foods are good and which ones they should not eat. Often treatment is similar to the treatment of obsessive compulsive or addictive disorders such as exposure therapy.
In some cases treatment is as simple as addressing the fact they have this disorder and why they may have it. A recent study classified nine such classes of behavioral intervention: Success with treatment is generally high and generally fades with age, but it varies depending on the cause of the disorder.
Developmental causes tend to have a lower success rate. Kaolinite became the active ingredient in drugs like Kaopectate and Pepto-Bismol, although the formulations have since found additional active ingredients to replace Kaolinite. Even today, what could be classified as pica behavior is a normative practice in some cultures as part of their beliefs, healing methods, or religious ceremonies.
Dogs exhibiting this form of pica should be tested for anemia with a CBC or at least hematocrit levels.Treating Children with Bipolar Disorder Mary A. Fristad, PhD, ABPP – cognitive capacity (intellectual deficiency, learning disabilities) – tic/Tourette, autistic spectrum, panic disorders for children with mood disorders and their parents in general practice settings.
Oct 08, · A longer more detailed paper would require a more detailed thesis statement which would provide an outline for your paper. Example #3) In this group of disorders anxiety is the prominent feature, as generalized anxiety disorder, a panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder or a phobic disorder and each of these disorders are subdivided into Status: Resolved.
Parents of children with these issues often call it Sensory Processing Disorder, or SPD. Psychiatrists, however, are quick to note that SPD is not a recognized disorder in . Developmental disorder – occur at some stage in a child's development, often retarding the development.
Neurodevelopmental disorder – or disorder of neural development, is an impairment of the growth and development of the brain or central nervous system. Outline Panic Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Agoraphobia Diagnostic Criteria and the treatment of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.
behavior. Currently, Dr. Hannan is a staff psychologist and manager of the outpatient clinic at the Anxiety Disorders Center/Center for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy at the In-stitute of Living. Natural Food Sleep Remedies Emerald Coast Sleep Disorders Center with Testing For Sleep Disorders and Top Ten Over The Counter Sleep Aids are common and serious sleep disorder that causes you to stop breathing during sleep,brief interruptions in breathing during sleep.