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A tale of two systems Nic Spaull 31 August Nic Spaull says despite the equalisation of access and expenditure outcomes are still wildly divergent In South Africa today, almost everyone has an opinion about education and schooling. Some people think there have been vast improvements sincewhile others believe that much of the system is worse than the Bantu education of apartheid .
Rather than talk about my opinion or the opinions of others, I am going to talk about the facts. What do the facts say about how the South African education system is performing?
And how has it changed since ? Although there are many elements of education and schooling, the three that I'll focus on are 1 public expenditure on education, 2 access to education and most importantly, 3 the quality of schooling in South Africa.
Education Expenditures The post-apartheid government inherited a divided and highly unequal education system. Nowhere was this inequality more prevalent than in the racial differences in spending per child.
Even though racial differences in spending were reduced significantly in the years leading up tothe amount spent per student in a Compare and contrast educational systems school was two and a half times larger than on black children in urban areas and five times larger than black students in the most impoverished homeland .
The government immediately began equalizing expenditures and educational expenditures are now relatively equally distributed across the provinces see Figure 1. By Limpopo had the highest public expenditure per pupil in the country. It is important to remember that while the government has equalized public expenditures across provinces, in wealthier provinces private funding through school fees will contribute more to resources available at the school level than in poorer provinces.
It would be remiss not to mention that educational expenditures is only one side of the coin. Additional resources are mediated by provinces and schools, both of which vary widely in their capacity to manage financial and human resources. Not all provinces or schools are equally capable of converting additional resources into better outcomes, as the recent Limpopo and Eastern Cape debacles have shown.
Access Access to basic education has reached high levels. However, statistics on grade completion up until grade 10 are quite misleading because none of these exams are externally evaluated. The matric exam in grade 12 is the only nationally standardised and externally evaluated exam in the schooling system .
Because of this, it is the only one that the public really trusts. In many schools, passing additional grades in primary and lower secondary school is a poor indication of real learning.
However, as students get to grade 10 and 11, schools start failing students because they know that they will not pass the matric exam. Too often we only look at the matric pass rate what proportion of matrics pass the exam instead of the number of students that pass matric out of the cohort that started 12 years earlier.
If we look instead at the students who pass matric relative to the number of students enrolled in grade 2  10 years earlier, the figures are much more startling. As we can see in Figure 3, the vast majority of drop out takes place between grade 10 and grade This is largely because there are no externally evaluated standardised exams at earlier grades such as a primary school leaving exam.
This has been pointed out by South African researchers before: Many of those who do attain a Matric Certificate are still not able to gain entrance into tertiary institutions. Therefore, low-quality education up until grade 11 can be regarded as the root cause of low attainment beyond grade Given that less than half of the Grade 1 Black cohort actually make it to matric, we can say that less than 1 in Black children enrolled in Grade 1 went on to pass matric and be eligible for a maths or science degree at university .
Quality The high dropout in grade 11 and 12 is largely due to the fact that students are not acquiring the foundational skills they should be in earlier grades. Consequently, problems with matric performance, and dropout just before matric, are actually rooted in weak learning in primary school and early secondary school.
The real problem lies in earlier grades. Primary schooling If we look at the performance of South African primary schools in international and regional context, the results are a source of national shame. South Africa participates in a number of international assessments where students from different countries write the same test so that it becomes possible to compare learning outcomes across countries.
I will provide a summary of the three most recent cross-national assessments and a few salient points from each study: Of the 50 countries that participated, including 6 African countries, South Africa came last.
Out of the 45 participating countries including other middle income countries like Botswana and Morocco South Africa came last. This is in stark contrast to the majority of other participating countries. Of the 15 countries that participated, South Africa came 10th for reading and 8th for Mathematics, behind low-income countries like Swaziland, Kenya and Tanzania.
If we look at the proportion of students that were functionally illiterate and functionally innumerate, the prevalence is astounding.ABSTRACT In the primitive era indigenous education is said to be the significant resource for development, but in recent times it is said that modern education is the significant resource for development.
both type of education play significant role. The following essay will compare and contrast the education systems between China and America. The term "Education System" can be defined as” The system of formalized transmission of knowledge and values operating within a given society (Trade Chakra Website, “Education System in Malaysia”).
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Comparing Contrast Essay Education Systems. Uploaded by Michael Jacobs. Related Interests. Primary Education; In contrast. their educational systems are actually quite different. It is clear that the experience of schoolchildren varies from country to country. Compare and Contrast Essay: A Traditional Class vs An Online Class. uploaded by. Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed leslutinsduphoenix.comion frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any. In South Africa today, almost everyone has an opinion about education and schooling. Some people think there have been vast improvements since , while others believe that much of the system is worse than the Bantu education of leslutinsduphoenix.com than talk about my opinion or the opinions of others, I am going to talk about the facts.
Compare and contrast Britain and France over educational practices The existence of mass education is a common feature of industrial societies. It is agreed by sociologists that the education system accepts some responsibility .
The educational system has many ways to teach in the schools but our society is always wondering if these methods are the best. We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Different Education Systems specifically for you for In contrast to the article “American Schools in Crisis?” by Diane Ravitch she claims that the media give.
The Comparison and Contrast of Education Systems between China and America The following essay will compare and contrast the education systems .