He rose from obscurity to monumental fame, coming to be recognized as a national figure. His achievement is great, although it has been sometimes obscured by unfair, hostile criticism — or, conversely, by extravagant praise. He is essentially a poet, though other aspects of his achievement — as philosopher, mystic, or critic — have also been stressed.
The family, which consisted of nine children, lived in Brooklyn and Long Island in the s and s. Largely self-taught, he read voraciously, becoming acquainted with the works of HomerDanteShakespeareand the Bible.
Whitman worked as a printer in New York City until a devastating fire in the printing district demolished the industry. Inat the age of seventeen, he began his career as teacher in the one-room school houses of Long Island. He continued to teach untilwhen he turned to journalism as a full-time career.
He founded a weekly newspaper, Long-Islander, and later edited a number of Brooklyn and New York papers. It was in New Orleans that he experienced firsthand the viciousness of slavery in the slave markets of that city. On his return to Brooklyn in the fall ofhe founded a "free soil" newspaper, the Brooklyn Freeman, and continued to develop the unique style of poetry that later so astonished Ralph Waldo Emerson.
InWhitman took out a copyright on the first edition of Leaves of Grass, which consisted of twelve untitled poems and a preface.
He published the volume himself, and sent a copy to Emerson in July of Whitman released a second edition of the book incontaining thirty-three poems, a letter from Emerson praising the first edition, and a long open letter by Whitman in response.
During his lifetime, Whitman continued to refine the volume, publishing several more editions of the book. Noted Whitman scholar, M. Thematically and poetically, the notion dominates the three major poems of He worked as a freelance journalist and visited the wounded at New York City—area hospitals.
He then traveled to Washington, D. Overcome by the suffering of the many wounded in Washington, Whitman decided to stay and work in the hospitals and stayed in the city for eleven years.
He took a job as a clerk for the Department of the Interior, which ended when the Secretary of the Interior, James Harlan, discovered that Whitman was the author of Leaves of Grass, which Harlan found offensive.
Harlan fired the poet. Whitman struggled to support himself through most of his life. He had also been sending money to his widowed mother and an invalid brother.
From time to time writers both in the states and in England sent him "purses" of money so that he could get by.
However, after suffering a stroke, Whitman found it impossible to return to Washington. He stayed with his brother until the publication of Leaves of Grass James R.
Osgood gave Whitman enough money to buy a home in Camden. In the simple two-story clapboard house, Whitman spent his declining years working on additions and revisions to a new edition of the book and preparing his final volume of poems and prose, Good-Bye, My Fancy David McKay, After his death on March 26,Whitman was buried in a tomb he designed and had built on a lot in Harleigh Cemetery.
Osgood, Passage to India J. Redfield, Leaves of Grass J. Redfield, Leaves of Grass William E. Chapin, Drum Taps William E.Walt Whitman Biography.
Walt Whitman ( – Ralph Waldo Emerson to Walt Whitman a letter from Emerson praising the first edition, and a long open letter by Whitman in response. During his subsequent career, Whitman continued to refine the volume, publishing several more editions of the book.
— Walt Whitman, "The Dresser" (, later titled "The Wound-Dresser") Whitman was forty-two years old when the Civil War started. Some critics would charge that he should have joined the Union Army, but anyone who knew him, like his friend and biographer John Burroughs, could hardly conceive of the mild and empathic poet as a soldier.
Walt Whitman was born in West Hills, Long Island, New York on May 31, His father, Walter, was a laborer, carpenter, and house builder. His mother, Louisa, was a . Whitman, Walt Description: Half polished calf over green cloth boards.
Ex-library (withdrawn from the Bournemouth Reference Library), with gilt-stamped shelf-numbers on leather spine, gilt-stamped library emblem on front cover. Welcome to /r/literature, a community for deeper discussions of plays, poetry, short stories, and leslutinsduphoenix.comsions of literary criticism, literary history, literary theory, and critical theory are also welcome--strongly encouraged, even.
Watch video · Walt Whitman was an American poet who wrote the groundbreaking collection 'Leaves of Grass.' Find out more about his life and career at leslutinsduphoenix.com