There is also a high resolution version for printing. New fact sheet provides the three steps you can take if you were recently diagnosed with gonorrhea or chlamydia, including resources to help you talk to your partner.
Leptospirosis Two deaths, one each in August and Septemberhave been attributed to Leptospirosis here in Costa Rica. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira.
Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice yellow skin and eyesred eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash. If the disease is not treated, the patient could develop kidney damage, meningitis inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cordliver failure, and respiratory distress, however, it is rare that death occurs.
Humans become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from infected animals. It is easily treatable with antibiotics. The illness lasts from a few days to 3 weeks or longer, however without treatment, recovery may take several months. The disease is not known to be spread from person to person.
To download a complete description of this disease, in.
PDF format, click here. It is Chagas Disease and is transmitted indirectly by the cute little thing to your right, the triatome bug. These blood-sucking bugs themselves get infected by biting an infected animal or person. Once infected, the bugs pass T.
The bugs are found in houses made from materials such as mud, adobe, straw, and palm thatch. During the day, the bugs hide in crevices in the walls and roofs.
During the night, when the inhabitants are sleeping, the bugs emerge. The person then becomes infected through the bite.
People can also become infected by: The bad news is that this is a fairly serious disease. The good news is that anyone reading this web site is pretty unlikely to get this disease unless you will be living in pretty squalid conditions as these bugs live in cracks and holes of substandard housing, specifically, houses constructed from mud, adobe, or thatch.
Well constructed homes, hotels, etc are extremely unlikely to host these fellows. However those visiting Costa Rica who will be living under these conditions Peace Corp members perhaps should be especially alert as there is no known way to prevent the disease by inoculation.
Should you get infected with Chagas, medication is usually effective when given during the early acute stage of infection. Acute symptoms only occur in about 1 percent of cases one in a hundred. Other symptoms that are not unique to Chagas disease may include fatigue, fever, enlarged liver or spleen swollen lymph glands Sometimes a person develops a rash, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and vomiting.
In infants and in very young children with acute Chagas disease, the brain may be damaged severely enough to cause death. In general, a person's symptoms last from 4 to 8 weeks and then they go away, even without treatment. Eight to 10 weeks after infection, the indeterminate stage begins and may last for many years.
During this stage, people do not have symptoms. And, enlargement of the esophagus or large bowel, which results in problems with swallowing or severe constipation. Not everyone with Chagas disease will develop the chronic-stage symptoms.
Prevention Avoid sleeping in thatch, mud, or adobe houses. Use insecticides to kill bugs and reduce the risk of transmission.
Remember that he blood supply in any country may not always be screened for Chagas disease and blood transfusions may thus carry a risk of infection.Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can infect both men and women. It can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. It can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat.
What are STDs? What are STDs? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are passed from one person to another through intimate physical contact – such as heavy petting – and from sexual activity including vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
May 27, · What are some types of and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?
Approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title STD. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
Recommendations and Reports MMWR / June 5, / Vol. 64 / No. 3 1 Introduction The term sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) refers to a variety of clinical syndromes and infections caused by. 1 in 2 sexually active people will get a sexually transmitted disease or infection – an STD/STI – by the age of 25 (and there is still risk beyond that).
But the good news is that they are avoidable, manageable and definitely worth discussing.